Focusing on Kakadu in the Northern Territory, the Healthy Country Partnership brings together Bininj co-researchers and indigenous rangers, CSIRO, Microsoft, Parks Australia, Northern Australia National Environment Science Program (NESP), University of Western Australia (UWA), Charles Darwin University (CDU) and Kakadu National Park.
Under the direction of indigenous rangers, drones are being used to capture video footage in Kakadu, a dual World Heritage listed national park jointly managed by Parks Australia and Traditional Owners.
The program sees data is collected, labelled and interpreted using a combination of indigenous knowledge, Microsoft artificial intelligence, CustomVision AI from drone footage, data visualisation, and scientific research to help solve complex environmental management problems through an adaptive co-management approach.
But invasive plants such as para grass, an introduced fodder crop which has become an aggressive and fast-growing weed in Kakadu National Park, are displacing native plants and reducing the habitats for magpie geese.
Microsoft says that Kakadu National Park presents a challenging environment for data collection due to the extreme weather conditions with regular cyclones, floods and then the dry. The Park’s waterways are full of crocodiles, buffalo and feral pigs roam the landscape - and there are limited resources to support rangers who have previously collected data manually.
Microsoft says AI is removing the need for people to physically collect and then review thousands of hours of video to count animals and identify para grass in its different states (burnt, wet, growing, dead).
Under the program, CustomVisionAI is used to review the drone-collected video and identify plants and animals.
CustomVisionAI has two models operational with a further 10 to follow, and the associated Machine Learning Service has one model and another will be added.
The results and analysis are then made available to rangers through a dashboard designed in partnership with the traditional owners based on their cultural values and the season - with rangers accessing this on a mobile device to support their on-the-ground decision making.
CSIRO Chief Executive, Dr Larry Marshall, said the partnership brought together new digital technologies and indigenous knowledge that dates back millennia to solve today’s challenges.
“CSIRO draws on multidisciplinary expertise and a diversity of partnerships to solve challenges and ensure a resilient and valuable environment for Australia,” Dr Marshall said.
“We recognise the invaluable contributions of Indigenous Australians to science-driven solutions and welcome this new collaboration to drive impact from their knowledge even further.”
According to Dr Cathy Robinson, Principal Research Scientist, CSIRO: “This is a unique project. We’ve allowed AI to sit next to Indigenous knowledge, to inform adaptive approaches to caring for this land.
“AI has taken a view from the sky, through drones. We’ve woven those together and thought about that platform design, so that it’s usable for Indigenous people. In every part of that process, we’ve had to make sure that Indigenous knowledge is protected appropriately.
“That Indigenous knowledge is used appropriately to guide management decisions, and we weave together science, including AI, so that we can do that, to deliver healthy country outcomes,” Robinson said.
Steven Worrall, managing director, Microsoft said that the partnership in Kakadu was a “shining example of the impact that ethical AI and responsible data can have on environmental management”.
“This dashboard is strengthening Indigenous stewardship. With this information in the hands of the park rangers, they can be front and centre in decisions made about country.
“As an open-source framework, hosted on GitHub, the vision is for this adaptive co-management approach to have a global impact.
“Traditional Owners in vital ecosystems around the world can be empowered to scale up their Indigenous conservation efforts, for generations to come,” Worrall said.
Feach Moyle, Kakadu National Park, Country and Culture Manager, Parks Australia, believes the project will pave the way for future groups to come together in support of the protection of indigenous lands.
“This project has strengthened the ties between traditional knowledge, science and technology to solve complex environmental problems in an ethically responsible way.
“With so much of our environment under the protection of Indigenous communities, we now have another way forward that can assist those responsible for the care of these lands to make decisions that will ultimately deliver healthy country outcomes,” Moyle said.