According to an analysis of the study by Roy Morgan Research, long-running trends in the Australian labour market by gender show that strong increases in Australian employment this century have been driven by large increases in both full-time and part-time employment for both women and men.
But, although these increases have been shared between both genders, Roy Morgan says the increasing number of women joining the workforce has led to the larger overall employment gains for women.
Analysis of employment growth by gender since 2000 shows:
- Overall employment growth: women (+1.9 million; 53.7% of employment growth) cf. men (+1.7 million; 46.3%);
- Full-time employment growth: women (+980,000; 52.3% of full-time employment growth) cf. men (+900,000; 47.7%); and
- Part-time employment growth: women (+940,000; 55.2% of part-time employment growth) cf. men (+760,000; 44.8%).
“Drilling into the gender breakdown of these trends shows that male part-time employment is the clear driver of this trend – now at 23.5% of employed male workers, up from 15.7% in 2000.
”Women have traditionally dominated part-time employment, and because of this the larger overall increase in women in part-time employment than men this century has barely budged the overall employment split for women with 47.8% of women now employed part-time, up 0.5ppts since 2000, although down in the last decade after peaking above 49% in early 2007.
Roy Morgan also reveals that analysis of Australian employment by gender shows:
- Overall employment of women: 5.5 million (46.5%) cf. men: 6.4 million (53.5%);
- Overall full-time employment of women: 2.9 million (37.2%) cf. men: 4.9 million (62.8%); and
- Overall part-time employment of women: 2.6 million (63.9%) cf. men: 1.5 million (36.1%).