Dr Genevieve Bell will take up the post in February from Intel where she has served as a vice-president after becoming the first woman to be appointed an Intel Fellow.
She joined Intel in 1998 after completing a Ph.D. in cultural anthropology at Stanford University.
Dr Bell was the leader of Intel's first user experience research and development lab and is recognised as a world leader in the ethnographic approach to developing technology.
World leading technologist: Dr Genevieve Bell.
"That I get to return to it as an adult and a member of the faculty is a genuine privilege. I am also excited to be afforded the opportunity to collaborate with CSIRO’s Data61," she said.
ANU College of Engineering and Computer Science dean Professor Elanor Huntington said she was thrilled to appoint Dr Bell.
"She is a distinguished technologist and public intellectual, and a leading figure in diversity and inclusion globally in the technology sector," Professor Huntington said.
"Her potential to transform the relationship between people and technology cannot be understated, and I look forward to her achieving great things from her new base here. It's been a pleasure to build on our longstanding partnership with CSIRO Data61 and join forces to make this a reality."
Adrian Turner, chief executive of CSIRO’s Data61, said Dr Bell had been tasked by ANU with exploring how to bring together data science, design thinking and ethnography to drive new approaches in engineering.
In partnership with Data61, she would also explore what it means to be human in a data-driven economy and world.