The firm said that there were many reasons for the use of eSIMS — flexibility, cost-efficiency, and security among others — and this would lead to many connected devices using them over the next decade.
“The eSIM enablement space continues to hum with activity, with an array of companies offering eSIM solutions for diverse applications," said Counterpoint senior analyst Karan Dasaor.
"These companies fall into three broad categories: eUICC OS embedded in a hardware-based tamper proof MFF2 or Wafer Level Chip Scale Packaging (WLCSP), miniaturised leadless package form-factors soldered into the PCBs; software-based eUICC in a TEE (Trusted Execution Environment), sometimes called soft-SIM or virtual SIM; and the relatively newer integrated UICCs, also called iSIM or iUICC, where the iUICC OS is integrated into a secure enclave within the System-on-Chip (SoC).”
Players like Truphone, Kigen (Arm spinoff), Oasis and RedteaMobile have also partnered with chipset players, module vendors, device OEMs and MNOs to offer eSIM and iSIM solutions.
Dasaor added: “As it stands, only the hardware-based MFF2 and WLCSP form-factors are compliant with the security standards defined in GSMA’s SGPv.01/02/21/22 specs. Vendors engaged in supplying these chips are required to be GSMA SAS-UP (Security Accreditation Scheme for UICC Production) certified.
"Non-compliant proprietary software-based eSIM solutions (mostly iSIM and soft-SIM) are available from various ecosystem players, including component vendors, device manufacturers and operators.
"The iSIM is seeing rising adoption, particularly in IoT applications, and is being evaluated to make it a part of GSMA specifications in future. On the other hand, the soft-SIM has seen greater adoption in markets such as China, within smartphones for international roaming services monetisation by OEMs, and in IoT applications which are not that security sensitive.”
Regarding future evolution of eSIM form-factors, research director Dale Gai said: “Players such as Sony Semiconductor (Altair Semi), Sequans and Qualcomm have played a key role in driving iUICC implementations in partnership with different ecosystem players to bring iSIM solutions across IoT applications.
"As we move towards the iSIM era, players designing SoCs, from Qualcomm to MediaTek to Apple, will dominate and drive the integrated SIM capabilities within their chipsets, helping save board space, and have more control with the ability to scale across consumer, mobility and IoT applications.”